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U.S. Census Research Guide: 2000

The U.S. Census Bureau conducts several data collection programs about the U.S. population which have their own language, geography, and data portals. This guide is based on a similar guide created by Kelly Smith at UCSD.

For more info...

Raw Data Files

These are computer files intended to be loaded into statistical software for analysis and creating your own tables. In some cases these files can be used with spreadsheet software as well.

Population Schedules

2000 population schedules have not been released.

Census population schedules (or "name schedules" or "manuscript census") are copies of the original questionnaires collected during each decennial census. They list the individual names and family information of the people enumerated. Unlike the statistics published soon after the census, the population schedules remain confidential for 72 years. 1930 is the most recent population schedule available.


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About the 2000 Census

Highlights of the 2000 Census

  • 22nd decennial census
  • US population: 281,422,426
  • Illinois population: 12,419,293

Questions asked

Information obtained from all persons: Age, Sex, Color or Race, If American Indian, Name of Tribe, Relationship to head of family or household

Information obtained from a sample of the population: Ancestry/ Ethnic Origin, Marital Status, Deaf or Deaf Mute, Blind, Feeble-minded (idiotic), Ill or Disabled, School Attendance, Educational Attainment, Place of Birth, Citizenship, If Foreign Born, Year of immigration, language, Are grandchildren under 18 living within the household?, Are grandparents responsible for a Grandchild's basic needs?, Length of responsibility for grandchild, Veteran status, Length of service, In service date, Place of residence in a previous year, Year moved to present residence, Industry, Occupation, Class of Worker, Employment Status, Duration of Unemployment, Year last worked, Weeks worked in preceding year, Hours worked in preceding week, Industry 5 years ago, Value of Real Estate, Income, Place of work, Means of transportation to work

For more information:

Statistics of the 2000 Census

Multi-year census compilations (compare across years): These sources tend to include statistics for large geographic areas (e.g. states), but can be very useful when comparing statistics over time.

Digitized Data Sources

Key publications (note that data from the 2000 census may also be found in American FactFinder):

Print available in the Library

Online access

Summary Population and Housing Characteristics
 Gov Info Computer Files C 3.223/18:2000 PHC-1-

From the Census Bureau

Summary Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics
 Gov Info Computer Files C 3.223/23:2000 PHC-2-

From the Census Bureau

Population and Housing Unit Counts
 Gov Info Computer Files C 3.223/5:2000-PHC-3-

From the Census Bureau

Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics - Island Areas
 Gov Info Computer Files C 3.223/23-2:2000 PHC-4-]

From the Census Bureau

Characteristics of American Indians and Alaska Natives by Tribe and Language
 Gov Info Computer Files C 3.223/28:2000 PHC-5

From the Census Bureau

Profiles of General Demographic Characteristics

From the Census Bureau

Island Areas Demographic Profiles

From the Census Bureau


Original electronic files released:


Online access

Census 2000 redistricting data (Public Law 94-171)
 Gov Info Computer Files C 3.275: R 24/DVD

From the Census Bureau

Summary file 1
 Gov Info Computer Files C 3.282:2000

From the Census Bureau

Summary file 2
 Gov Info Computer Files C 3.282/2-3:2000/NAT

From the Census Bureau

Summary file 3
 Gov Info Computer Files C 3.282/2:V 1 DOOS 3 ST 08 NAT 1

From the Census Bureau

Summary file 4
 Gov Info Computer Files C 3.282/2-2:2000/NAT

From the Census Bureau

Census 2000 island areas summary file.
 Gov Info Computer Files C 3.223/23-2:2000 PHC-4-08-USIA/CD

From the Census Bureau

American Indian and Alaska Native Summary File (AIANSF).

From the Census Bure