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U.S. Census Research Guide: 1830

The U.S. Census Bureau conducts several data collection programs about the U.S. population which have their own language, geography, and data portals. This guide is based on a similar guide created by Kelly Smith at UCSD.

For more info...

Raw Data Files

These are computer files intended to be loaded into statistical software for analysis and creating your own tables. In some cases these files can be used with spreadsheet software as well.

Population Schedules

Census population schedules (or "name schedules" or "manuscript census") are copies of the original questionnaires collected during each decennial census. They list the individual names and family information of the people enumerated. Unlike the statistics published soon after the census, the population schedules remain confidential for 72 years. 1930 is the most recent population schedule available.


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1830 Census

About the 1830 Census


  • 5th decennial census
  • US population: 12,866,020
  • Illinois population: 157,445
  • First time sex and age of slaves included

Questions asked

Name of head of family; age; sex; race; slaves; deaf and dumb; blind; foreigners not naturalized.

For more information:

Map Coverage of the 1830 Census

For more information:

Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790 - 1920


Multi-year census compilations (compare across years): These sources tend to include statistics for large geographic areas (e.g. states), but can be very useful when comparing statistics over time.

Digitized Data Sources

Key publications:

Print available in the Library

Online access

Fifth Census
 Gov Ref Census C 3/a.5/5 : 1


Abstract of the returns of the Fifth Census

 Making of the Modern World (Gale) NU Affiliates Only

 From the Census Bureau

 From GPO


Abstract of the returns of the Fifth Census, showing the number of free people, the number of slaves, the federal or representative number; and the aggregate of each county of each State of the United States.  From IPUMS