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U.S. Census Research Guide: 1900

The U.S. Census Bureau conducts several data collection programs about the U.S. population which have their own language, geography, and data portals. This guide is based on a similar guide created by Kelly Smith at UCSD.

For more info...

Raw Data Files

These are computer files intended to be loaded into statistical software for analysis and creating your own tables. In some cases these files can be used with spreadsheet software as well.

Population Schedules

Census population schedules (or "name schedules" or "manuscript census") are copies of the original questionnaires collected during each decennial census. They list the individual names and family information of the people enumerated. Unlike the statistics published soon after the census, the population schedules remain confidential for 72 years. 1930 is the most recent population schedule available.

Contact

Need help? Use the Ask-A-Librarian reference service, or call us at (847) 491-7656, during Research Assistance Desk hours.

To consult with a government information specialist by appointment, contact govinfo@northwestern.edu

About the 1900 Census

Highlights of the 1900 Census

Questions asked

Address; name; relationship to head of family; sex; race; age; month and year of birth; marital status; number of years married; for women, number of children born and number now living; place of birth of person and parents; if foreign born, year of immigration to the U.S., number of years in the U.S., and whether naturalized; occupation; months not employed; months attended school during census year; literacy; ability to speak English. Supplemental schedules for the blind and for the deaf.

For more information:

Map Coverage of the 1900 Census

 

For more information:

Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790 - 1920

Statistics from the 1900 Census

Multi-year census compilations (compare across years): These sources tend to include statistics for large geographic areas (e.g. states), but can be very useful when comparing statistics over time.

Digitized Data Sources

Key publications:

Print available in the Library

Online access

Vol. I: Population.
 Gov Info Census (non-circulating)   C 3/a. 12/ 5: 1

From the Census Bureau

Vol II: Population.
 Gov Info Census (non-circulating)   C 3/a. 12/ 5: 2

From the Census Bureau

Vol III: Vital Statistics
 Gov Info Census (non-circulating)   C 3/a. 12/ 5: 3

From the Census Bureau

Vol IV: Vital Statistics
 Gov Info Census (non-circulating)   C 3/a. 12/ 5: 4

From the Census Bureau

Vol V: Agriculture
 Gov Info Census (non-circulating)   C 3/a. 12/ 5: 5

From the Census Bureau

Vol VI: Agriculture
 Gov Info Census (non-circulating)   C 3/a. 12/ 5: 6

From the Census Bureau

Vol VII: Manufactures
 Gov Info Census (non-circulating)   C 3/a. 12/ 5: 7

From the Census Bureau

Vol VIII: Manufactures
 Gov Info Census (non-circulating)   C 3/a. 12/ 5: 8

From the Census Bureau

Vol IX: Manufactures
 Gov Info Census (non-circulating)   C 3/a. 12/ 5: 9

From the Census Bureau

Vol X: Manufactures
 Gov Info Census (non-circulating)   C 3/a. 12/ 5: 10

From the Census Bureau

Abstract of the Twelfth Census of the United States: 1900
 Gov Info Microtext (non-circulating)   CIS US Exec MF C302-1

also

Gov Info Microtext (non-circulating)   I1302-1

From the Census Bureau

Twelfth Census of U.S., taken in year 1900 : Statistical atlas.
 Gov Info Microtext (non-circulating)   I1302-4

From the Census Bureau

Supplementary analysis and derivative tables
 Gov Info Microtext (non-circulating)   CIS US Exec MF C305-1

From the Census Bureau

Child labor in U.S. : based on unpublished information derived from schedules of 12th Census: 1900. Bulletin (United States. Bureau of the Census) ; 69
 Gov Info Microtext (non-circulating)   CIS US Exec MF C303-69  

n/a

Occupations at the twelfth census
 Gov Info Microtext (non-circulating)   CIS US Exec MF C305-21

From the Census Bureau

Negroes in the United States.  Bulletin (United States. Bureau of the Census) ; no.129

From the Census Bureau

Illiteracy in the United States. Bulletin (United States. Bureau of the Census) ; 26.
 Main Library   Government Info Microtext (non-circulating)   CIS US Exec MF C303-26

n/a

Statistics of women at work : based on unpublished information derived from the schedules of the twelfth census, 1900
 Gov Info Microtext (non-circulating)   CIS US Exec MF C305-32  

From the Census Bureau

FRED - Federal Reserve Bank St Louis

Wealth, debt, and taxation
 Gov Info Census (non-circulating)   C 3.2:W 37/2/

also

Gov Info Microtext (non-circulating)   CIS US Exec MF C305-31

n/a

A discussion of the vital statistics of the Twelfth Census. Bulletin (United States. Bureau of the Census) ; 15
 Gov Info Microtext (non-circulating)   CIS US Exec MF C303-15  

From the Census Bureau

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