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POL_SCI 101-6 Freshman Seminar: Data Ethics: Research Data Definitions

Primary Sources

The Library of Congress defines Primary Sources as follows:

Primary sources are the raw materials of history — original documents and objects which were created at the time under study.
They are different from secondary sources, accounts or interpretations of events created by someone without firsthand experience.
(http://www.loc.gov/teachers/usingprimarysources/)

For disciplines other than history, consider these examples of primary, and secondary, sources.

Research Data

Research Data Life Cycle

Big Data: How Is It Different?

This chart illustrates the four 'V's that distinguish Big Data from Data.

For more in-depth discussion of Big Data, the four Vs, and much more, see the 2015 report NIST Big Data Interoperability Framework, Volume 1 Definitions (NIST = National Institute of Standards).  Skim the table of contents to click through to sections of interest, for example Chapter 2 Big Data Definitions (page 4 of the document, page 12 of the pdf page numbering).

Metadata: What Is It? Why Is It Important?

Ethics and Big Data

Your Librarian

Anne Zald's picture
Anne Zald
Contact:
Anne Zald
Subjects: Government Information; Social Science Data; Regulatory Compliance
Main Library Room 1214
Northwestern University Library
1970 Campus Drive
Evanston, IL 60208
anne.zald@northwestern.edu
847-467-6441
Skype Contact: anne.zald