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English: Citing


Citing Your Sources

It is good scholarly and ethical practice to cite the thinkers, writers, artists, and others your work is influenced by or in conversation with. This page shares many of the resources necessary for making sure you understand citations, both in form and within a critical context.


What is a Citation?
For your research project, you will need to be sure to make a list of the sources you are referencing, or perhaps you are creating an annotated bibliography. Not sure what a citation is? Watch this quick video!


MLA Style
In English, the most common style of citation follows the guidelines created by the Modern Language Association (MLA), a professional organization for the study and teaching of languages and literatures that serves as a clearinghouse for professional resources for teachers and scholars.

  • MLA Style Center
    Official online guides to the MLA Style— learn how to document sources, set up your paper, and improve your teaching and writing.

  • MLA Handbook
    Available at the library, this handbook guides writers through the principles behind evaluating sources for their research and shows them how to cite sources in their writing and create useful entries for the works-cited list.

  • Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)
    A free and valuable resource for helping you learn how to use the MLA (and many others) citation and format style, including in-text citation and the works rited page, and more.


Citing this Guide

Honn, Josh. Research Guide: English. Northwestern University Libraries, Accessed DD Month YYYY.

English & Digital Humanities Librarian

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Josh Honn
University Library, 2 East, Suite 2699A
(847) 467-4761
Subjects: English