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Evaluating Sources Using the CRAAP Test
Use the CRAAP Test below to evaluate books, articles, websites and other materials. It works for all information formats and also happens to be a great mnemonic device!
||Questions to Ask
- Does your topic require current information? If so, when was the source written and published?
- Has the information been revised or updated recently?
- Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
- Who is the intended audience? Is the level too elementary or advanced for your needs?
- Who is the author (person, company, or organization) and what are the author's credentials and affiliations?
- If a website, does the URL provide insight? examples: .com .edu .gov .org .net
- Where does the information come from?
- Can the information be verified through another source?
- Has the information been reviewed? Is there a bibliography?
- What is the reason for the source's existence? To inform, teach, sell, entertain, or persuade?
- Who is the intended audience?
- Does the point of view appear objective or biased?
Adapted from Evaluating Information - Applying the CRAAP Test from the Meriam Library at California State University, Chico