This chapter explores indigenous adaptations to Spanish Catholicism in Mesoamerica and the Andes during the height of colonial rule between the mid-sixteenth and the mid-eighteenth centuries, with additional comparisons to Afro-Brazilian society of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Santaballa, Sylvia R. "`Writing The Virgin Of Guadalupe In Francisco De Florencia's La Estrella Del Norte De Mexico." Colonial Latin American Review 7.1 (1998): 83. Academic Search Complete. Web. 31 Oct. 2016.
Juan Diego, to whom the Virgin Mary appeared in 1531 miraculously imprinting her likeness on his cape, was canonized in Mexico in 2002 by Pope John Paul II. In 1999, the revered image of Our Lady of Guadalupe had been proclaimed patron saint of the Americas by the Pope. How did a poor Indian and a sixteenth-century Mexican painting of the Virgin Mary attract such unprecedented honors? This book traces the intellectual origins, the spread, and the resilience of the tradition of Our Lady of Guadalupe.