Shapefiles are files which actually draw geographic areas in GIS software and are needed to symbolize and visualize data. Use search terms such as: shapefile egypt, gis cairo, etc.
Note: You'll be limited by either the administrative level of the shapefile or by the level at which the data is collected. Once you have the shapefile:
Question: Is there data out there for you to research and map?
Start by searching terms like: Cairo GIS, Cairo Urban Planning, etc.
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