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U.S. Census Research Guide: 1810

The U.S. Census Bureau conducts several data collection programs about the U.S. population which have their own language, geography, and data portals. This guide is based on a similar guide created by Kelly Smith at UCSD.

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Raw Data Files

These are computer files intended to be loaded into statistical software for analysis and creating your own tables. In some cases these files can be used with spreadsheet software as well.

Population Schedules 1810, 1818, 1820

Census population schedules (or "name schedules" or "manuscript census") are copies of the original questionnaires collected during each decennial census. They list the individual names and family information of the people enumerated. Unlike the statistics published soon after the census, the population schedules remain confidential for 72 years. 1930 is the most recent population schedule available.

  • Ancestry.com
    online access to population schedules, search by name, place, and other characteristics

Contact

Need help? Use the Ask-A-Librarian reference service, or call us at (847) 491-7656, during Research Assistance Desk hours.

To consult with a government information specialist by appointment, contact govinfo@northwestern.edu

1810 Census

About the 1810 Census

Highlights

  • 3rd decennial census
  • US population: 7,239,881
  • Illinois population: 12,282

Questions asked

In 1810, the slate of questions asked by assistant U.S. marshals was identical to the 1800 census. This census recorded the name of the county, parish, township, town, or city in which each family resided. Each family was listed by the name of the head of household and asked the following questions:

  • Number of free White males and females aged, respectively:
    • under 10 years of age
    • of 10 years but under 16 years
    • of 16 years but under 26 years
    • of 26 years but under 45 years
    • 45 years and upward
  • Number of all other free persons
  • Number of slaves

Statistics

Multi-year census compilations (compare across years): These sources tend to include statistics for large geographic areas (e.g. states), but can be very useful when comparing statistics over time.

Digitized Data Sources

Key publications:

Print available in the Library

Online access

 Aggregate Amount of each description of persons within the United States of America

 Gov Ref Census C3/a.3/5 : 1

  Readex - America's Historical Imprints

 A Statement of the arts and manufactures of the United States of America
 Gov Ref Census C3/a.3/5 : 2

 From the Census Bureau

 From IPUMS

 

 Third Census of the United States, Illinois Territory  From IPUMS

 

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