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U.S. Census Research Guide: 1860

The U.S. Census Bureau conducts several data collection programs about the U.S. population which have their own language, geography, and data portals. This guide is based on a similar guide created by Kelly Smith at UCSD.

For more info...

Raw Data Files

These are computer files intended to be loaded into statistical software for analysis and creating your own tables. In some cases these files can be used with spreadsheet software as well.

Population Schedules

Census population schedules (or "name schedules" or "manuscript census") are copies of the original questionnaires collected during each decennial census. They list the individual names and family information of the people enumerated. Unlike the statistics published soon after the census, the population schedules remain confidential for 72 years. 1930 is the most recent population schedule available.

Contact

Need help? Use the Ask-A-Librarian reference service, or call us at (847) 491-7656, during Research Assistance Desk hours.

To consult with a government information specialist by appointment, contact govinfo@northwestern.edu

About the 1860 Census

Highlights

  • 8th decennial census
  • US population: 31,443,321
  • Illinois population: 1, 711,951

For more information:

Map Coverage of the 1860 Census

For more information:

Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790 - 1920

Statistics of the 1860 Census

Multi-year census compilations (compare across years): These sources tend to include statistics for large geographic areas (e.g. states), but can be very useful when comparing statistics over time.

Digitized Data Sources

Key publications:

Print available in the Library

Online access

Population of the United States in 1860
  Gov Info Census C 3/a. 8/ 5: 1   (reprint)

From the Census Bureau

From Newsbank

From Univ. of Michigan

Agriculture of the United States in 1860
 Gov Info Census C 3/a. 8/ 5: 2   (reprint)

From the Census Bureau

From Newsbank

From Univ. of Michigan

Manufactures of the United States in 1860
 Gov Info Census C 3/a. 8/ 5: 3  (reprint)

From the Census Bureau

From Newsbank

From Univ. of Michigan

Statistics of the United States in 1860
 Gov Info Census  C 3/a. 8/ 5: 4    (reprint)
 

From the Census Bureau

Preliminary report on the Eighth Census, 1860

From the Census Bureau

From Newsbank

From Univ. of Michigan

Map showing, in five degrees of density, the distribution, within the territory east of the 100th Meridian, of the population of the United States, (excluding Indians not taxed) [electronic resource] : compiled from the returns of population at the Eighth census of the United States

From David Rumsey Collection

 

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